HOW DOES A CHILD IN AUTISM BEHAVE
The child closes in his world. It’s a bit distorted, but so much that the little kid does not see the need to talk to people in his surroundings. There is a complete developmental disorder. The child avoids contact with peers and family. For no reason stop talking to mom, all around treats like air. It is not allowed to touch. He stiffens when he takes them in his arms. He does not want anything. He does not pull his parents to buy him a super car or anything that makes a doll. He does not respond to pain. He is not happy when his aunt is passing by. When he gets his favorite ice cream – he does not show that he really likes it. Subtle signs (grimaces, gestures of others) have little significance for him. You can smile to him with the sincerest affection, and he will not pay attention to it and will not take it as something nice. He stops talking, and if he talk, he just speaks in unsettled and squeaky way, not fluently; repeats the words or slogans from television advertisement; instead of “me”, says “you”; uses incomprehensible phrases. He behaves stereotypically – he waves his hands or rolls around. Excessively attached to some objects. And if someone takes them away, he falls into panic. He does not like when someone changes his rituals; like to walk the same way, eat from the same plate, clean with the same brush. He cannot tolerate any changes in his daily activities.
Children with less severe autism have a very selective and limited range of interests – hence they are experts in narrow fields. Sometimes they show a remarkable memory that they do not use in their daily life, in school, in contact with people. Autistic children are often disheartened, easily burst into aggression, have sleep disorders. The diagnosis is made by a psychologist, psychiatrist or special pedagogue – based on the observation and evaluation of the child’s development.
Summary of symptoms occurring in autistic children
A child with autism:
– is not a participant in a play with peers,
– feels loneliness of mind,
– very rarely smiles,
– is more interested in contact with objects than people,
– his/her facial expression does not express a lot of emotion,
– usually avoids eye contact with another person,
– is hyperactive and impulsive,
– does not respond to his/her name,
– often falls into aggression for no apparent reason,
– almost does not speak; if speaking, uses words without meaning,
– introduces objects in monotonous rotational motion,
– nods, rotates in one spot without interruption,
– has difficulty in communicating with other people,
– if talking is about one topic,
– is sensitive to sounds and touch, sometimes it does not react to pain,
– does not run in jumps,
– there are no spontaneous reflexes.
AUTISM – DIAGNOSTICS
There are no clear medical tests that immediately give us an answer to whether a child is suffering from autism. Blood or urine tests are not able to diagnose this condition. Autism diagnosis focuses on the child’s behaviors and development.
(To see the details of how to diagnose autism, please refer to the Part 3 of this article)